Ladies and gentlemen presidents and presidents, directors and chief executive officers,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I thank cordially president Olivier Ramond, man of opening and dialogue, for his invitation with your General Assembly, which marks the quality of the relations between the Superior council of audio-visual and the interprofessional Trade union of the radios and independent televisions. I have great pleasure to find the SIRTI, which I had met as of his conference of April 28th, 2013 to the Senate, in presence today of my colleagues Francine Mariani-Ducray, Nicolas About, Nicolas Curien and Patrice Gélinet, that I greet particularly and who illustrate with me the collegial structure of the CSA.
2013-2016 : “so far, so near”, in three years, the audiovisual landscape evolved much.
As has just shown it the presentation of Médiamétrie, the globalisation and convergence did nothing but be accentuated: those of the uses and the markets, but also those of the companies, with new giants of the media which appear, at the conclusion of bringings together with the industry of the networks.
In this context, the vitality and the diversity of the independent media were never also crucial: by the different voice which they make hear; by their close link with the public, closest to the places of life and work, but also naturally, by their contribution, with the whole of the sector, with the broad objectives of the regulation. I think in particular of our cultural exception and I make a point of again greeting the implication of the radios members of the SIRTI at the time of our last day of French language.
I also greet the initiative of the SIRTI so that the next report of branch of private broadcasting considers the challenges of diversity in company. But also let us think of the antenna and the programming…
On the side of the CSA, much of things also evolved: its organization was re-examined in-depth in June 2015. Each media profit from now on from a single entrance point, through the direction of the televisual media and the direction of the radio operator media. In close link with the other directions of the CSA, in particular the management of the programs, the DMT and the DMR offer from now on to the actors a global solution their problems, use of the frequencies until the programming.
I am delighted by the positive returns which are addressed to us on the availability, the reactivity and the quality of the exchanges with the DMR, in particular with its director François-Xavier Meslon here present and which I greet, like his collaborators. Moreover, the coordination of the territorial committees of the audio-visual one which are your interlocutors immediate is now ensured the CSA by a secretariat-general with the territories, entrusted to Christine Laudrin also among us. Of course, the presence of the new general manager, Guillaume Blanchot, is a brand of extreme attention of all the collaborators and collaborators of the CSA. Your General meeting is for me a privileged occasion to point out how the CSA considers the development of independent of the radio and television.
As regards the radio, I was always very attentive so that the calls for candidate take account as much as possible needs for the independent radios, in particular those of category B.
Admittedly, the times of launching of the calls can sometimes seem long, but they take place in a doubly constrained context. Initially, the release of frequencies available and quality on the zones in tension is a long operation and which we wanted the most concerted possible.
Then, since the law of November 15th, 2013, the essential responsibility for economic regulator of the CSA often requires to precede the call to candidatures by a public consultation and an impact study which it must subject to your observations before publishing it and of launching this appeal. An impact study is required by the law each time the issue of a permit is likely to modify in an important way the market in question.
I enjoy to underline here today that the appeals launched in the springs of the CTA of Rennes and Caen led to the selection of a majority of radios of category b: 8 radios members of the SIRTI obtained 13 of the 22 frequencies which were put at the call.
We prepare two important calls in addition: one in the spring of the CTA of Lyon, the other in the Toulouse region, which will allow you candidater soon.
The independent ones can also seize the possibility of a digital diffusion. The RNT can improve quality of the cover and diversify the offer of programs. After impact study, the CSA even comes this morning to publish calls RNT in the zones of Lille, Strasbourg and Lyon, which will allow also the cover of towns of average size close. 39 radios could be authorized in the three metropolises and up to 26 in the other cities. These calls will be open until July 19th and our teams will come on the spot with the CTA to answer all your questions.
Moreover, the radios of the SIRTI are very dynamic on the Net, in particular thanks to the portable application suggested by the GIE “the independent ones”, which gives access to 120 radios and 200 Web radios and which 2 million users already downloaded.
But the CSA takes care of the rise of the independent radios beyond the access to the hertzian resource.
It takes care thus of the access of independent to the financial resource, as its opinion testified some of March 16th, 2016 on the recourse to publicity on the antennas of Radio France. The recourse restricted to publicity by the radio of public service is a crucial factor of balance for the private radios. The CSA will exert a vigilant control of the respect by Radio France of his limited possibility of recourse to publicity.
We are also concerned, I had already raised it in front of you in 2013, of the competition of the new digital actors and in particular, as regards radios of the SIRTI of the platforms of listening to music online. We clearly support the radios in their will of adaptation of the mode of the quotas of diffusions. The quotas must be the object of a regulation by the CSA in the interest of musical diversity in France. It should not be a question of a meddlesome control of rigid rules, which would complex, without a real adaptation to the concrete situations, adaptation which is the spirit of the regulation. It is in parallel necessary to care constantly about the constraints of organization and programming of the radios concerned. I call some, with the CSA, with the legislator.
On the European level, even if the radio is not in the field of the directive on the services of audio-visual media (SMA), I want however to stress that the important advanced ones were carried out, in particular thanks to the very strong implication of the CSA in the network of the European regulators, that it so much contributed to create and make thrive.
Thus, the proposal for a revision of directive SMA published on May 25th plans to include in its field the platforms of division of video, which became determining actors of the diffusion of the music. That invites to online continue our efforts for the integration of the services of listening in our modes of regulation.
I would not know in second place to express to me in front of the SIRTI without marking the attention of the CSA for local televisions, which must continue like pillars of pluralism and democracy in the territories. We underline their quite real difficultés financières in our last annual report, but local televisions can count on the CSA to accompany them in their development. As regards TNT channels, we had the concern of allowing a large number of migrating more towards the diffusion in HD starting from April 5th and of increasing their attractivity by a profit of quality of image. Thus, our calls for candidate of December 2015 made it possible 28 DVB local to secure the possibility of a diffusion HD. In 2016, calls HD will continue. Four are already in hand: one in Top-of-France and three in PACA. With that a call is added on the zone of Toulouse decided by the Council last week.
Overall, we take care that the appeals launched for services of DVB local relate to sufficient coverage areas to ensure a viable economic development the selected service.
Lastly, and for the whole of the local and independent chains, the CSA will continue to take care of their good exposure in the offers of the distributors. You can seize it of any difficulty in this respect, in particular in the event of disagreement.
To conclude, I hope to have shown you, by this rapid tower of horizon of your common challenges, that the regulation of audio-visual, plunged in the digital one, requires more than ever an approach with nearest as of economic realities.
It is this approach which animates the CSA. It is more than ever with the service of the freedom of audio-visual communication, of which the independent ones are naturally a spearhead, by their dynamism, their originality, their diversity and their narrow proximity with the public.