Translation with SYSTRAN Links

Schedules, repeat broadcasts, modifications of the grid of the programs, etc

Do the chains have the right to modify their program timetables constantly?

Under the terms of conventions which they sign with the CSA, the chains of television are held to make known their programs at the latest 18 days before their diffusion and more to modify them within a time lower than 14 days.
That being, certain exceptional circumstances can authorize the chain to modify its programming tardily:

  • a sports event;
  • a new event related to the news;
  • a problem involved in the rights protected by the Code of the intellectual property;
  • a legal decision;
  • a technical incident;
  • an interest expresses for the public decided after dialogue between the chains concerned;
  • a against-performance of significant audience of the first numbers or episodes of a series of programs.

Moreover, except constraints related to the diffusion of live emissions, the chains are held to respect the beforehand announced schedules of diffusion.

How is it made that the episodes of certain televised series are diffused in the disorder?

There exist two types of series: series “feuilletonnantes” and series with “buckled episodes”. The first are made up of episodes which are followed and which, for the good comprehension of the intrigue and the respect of work, are diffused in the chronological order. Those with “buckled episodes” are made up of parts independent from/to each other, in which there are a beginning and an end with the intrigue in each episode. This kind of series is sometimes diffused in the disorder, even if a main idea is present throughout the season.

Contrary to the American chains, the French chains generally diffuse between one and three new episodes per evening, possibly associated with older episodes. The juxtaposition of a new episode with an old episode makes it possible the chains to preserve their public between the first and second parts of the evening. That reinforces the audience and facilitates the installation of the program in the duration.

In 2012, France 2, with the Castle series, made the choice of this programming by diffusing at 20:45 a followed new episode by the repeat broadcast of two other episodes. The same applies to Murdoch, on France 3, and this practice seems to function since the public is always with go.

TF1 devotes two evenings per week, Tuesday and Wednesday, with the diffusion of American series, and sometimes even a third, Friday. That it is for Mentalist, Spirits criminal, the Miami Experts or Dr. House, the chain proposes in general between one and two news per evening, follow-ups of a repeat broadcast.

M6, following the example of other chains, generally diffuses two new episodes follow-ups of old episodes. It is the case in 2012 saturdays, day of diffusion of series FBI: very special duet

The respect of the device of descriptive youth, because of the time constraints that it provides for the programs disadvised with less than 12 years (diffusion after 10 p.m. except exception) and 16 years (diffusion after 22:30), can also force the chain to disturb the chronology of a series. But this phenomenon occurs only seldom.

How is it made that the chains do not respect the announced schedules?

The Council regularly receives protests of televiewers about the shift often noted between the schedule of diffusion of the emissions announced in the televised programs and the effective schedule of diffusion. 

It should be known that the shift operated by the chains between the announced schedules and the effective schedules is mainly due to the fact that the schedules communicated to the newspapers, the magazines of television or the specialized sites - at least 18 days before the diffusion - can present onlyone indicative character. Their respect is indeed subjected to multiple risks in particular related on the diffusion live at certain emissions, but also to the variations amongst advertisements and of bands ads. For the programmes of first part of evening, the shift is also due to the duration of the tv news, which can be lengthened according to the news.

This schedule being that where a large number of televiewers is present in front of his station, the chains benefit from it to diffuse as much as possible advertisements (except on the public channels other than France 3), and of sponsored emissions, important sources of incomes for the private channels. The advertising duration of the screens is however limited: on the private channels, the daily average duration of advertisements is of new minutes per hour. These chains can however diffuse up to twelve minutes of publicity for a hour given.

This jet lag is however particularly awkward for those which program the recording of an emission. It is careful, in this case, to envisage broad beaches of recording.

How is it made that there are as many repeat broadcasts on television?

The choice to proceed to repeat broadcasts of programs concerns the leading freedom of the chains. However, in accordance with article 13 of the decree of July 2nd, 2010, certain chains (TF1, France 2, France 3, France 5, M6) have the obligation to at least diffuse annually 120 hours of European works or French original expression which they previously did not program, at significant hours of listening (i.e. whose diffusion starts between 8 p.m. and 21 hours). They discharge this obligation.

The case of the repeat broadcasts remains a concern of the Council which, in the interest of the televiewer, held so that conventions of the six new chains in high definition of the DVB comprise a must carry of new programs.

As from the moment when the imposed minimum is respected, nothing prohibits a chain from repeating a program since she discharged rights corresponding near the producer and having right.

The repeat broadcasts are not synonymous with bad audiences. Certain repeat broadcasts of films can even obtain very good performances of audience, comparable even higher than those of their first diffusion.

The objective of a chain being to maximize the audience for each diffused program, the repeat broadcasts are often the result of an almost strategic choice. For example, the association of a new episode with an old episode of the same series during one evening makes it possible the chains to preserve their public between the first and the second part of the evening. In the same way, the multidiffusion of certain cartoons answers well waitings of the children who appreciate to see and re-examine the episodes of the programs that they like, just like they do it with their preferred books.