The Superior council of the audio-visual one,
Considering Geneva Conventions of August 12th, 1949, in particular those relating to the prisoners of war and the protection of the civil people in time of war, like their additional protocols of June 8th, 1977;
Considering the law n° 86-1067 of the modified September 30th, 1986 relating to the freedom of communication, in particular its articles 1st, 3-1, 15.28 and 33-1;
Considering the recommendation n° 2003-2 of March 18th, 2003 relating to the conflict in the Middle East;
Considering the recommendation n° 2004-8 of December 7th, 2004 to the whole of the television services and radio relating to the international conflicts and their possible repercussions in France;
Considering the recommendation of June 7th, 2005 to the editors of television services concerning the descriptive youth and the classification of the programs;
Considering the deliberation of April 17th, 2007 relating to the intervention of minors within the framework of TV programs diffused in metropolis and in the overseas departments;
Considering the deliberation of December 20th, 2011 relating to the protection of the young public, with the deontology and the accessibility of the programs on the services of audio-visual mediums to the request;
The treatment of the situations of war or conflicts by the departments of communication audio-visual was fixed by two recommendations of the Council, that of March 18th, 2003 relating to the conflict in the Middle East and that of December 7th, 2004 to the whole of the television services and radio relating to the international conflicts and with their possible repercussions in France.
Taking into account the evolution of the international context, the Council proceeded to a broad dialogue with the audio-visual independent groups and of the journalists in order to adopt the present recommendation relating to the treatment of the international conflicts, the civil wars and the terrorist acts by the departments of communication audio-visual.
The Council is fully conscious of the particular difficulties encountered by the journalists in the exercise of their fundamental mission of information of the public and the dangers incurred at the time of the collection of the images and the relation of the facts. If freedom to inform, constitutional principle devoted by article 11 of the Declaration of the Human rights and the Citizen of 1789 and mentioned in article 10 of the European Convention of safeguard of Human rights (CEDH), must be preserved, the Council intends to recall that under the terms of the same articles and of the same texts as well as provisions of the law n°86-1067 of September 30th, 1986 relating to freedom of communication, its convention or its specifications, within the framework of the exercise of its leading responsibility, the diffuser must also respect the human dignity and the honesty of information.
After having deliberated on it, the Superior council of audio-visual sends to the whole of the departments of communication audio-visual the following recommendation which aims at the treatment of the international conflicts, the civil wars and the terrorist acts.
The Council recommends to the editors, for each emission which treats these facts of taking care of the respect of the following principles:
1. Human dignity
- While abstaining from presenting in an obviously obliging way violence or the human suffering when images of killed or wounded people are diffused and reactions of their close relations;
- By preserving the dignity of the people taken hostage, in particular when their image or any other element making it possible to identify them is used by the kidnappers;
- By scrupulously respecting the stipulations of Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols relating to the protection of the prisoners of war and civil people in time of war.
2. Public order and honesty of information
- While treating with essential weighting and the rigour international conflicts likely to feed from the tensions and antagonisms within the population or to involve, towards certain communities or certain countries, of the attitudes of rejection or xenophobia;
- By checking the exactitude of the disseminated information or, in the event of uncertainty, by matching them of reserves, by presenting them to conditional and by quoting the source and the date, subject to the protection of the sources in particular guaranteed by the law n°2010-1 of January 4th, 2010 relating to the protection of the secrecy of the sources of the journalists;
- While proceeding in the event of diffusion of inaccurate information, with their correction as soon as possible and under comparable conditions of exposure;
- By accompanying the diffusion by stock-shot of one mention to the antenna to announce this origin.
3. Protection of the people
- By taking care that the diffusion of sounds and/or not easily bearable images is systematically preceded by an explicit warning to the public intended to protect the most vulnerable people from their possible impact;
- While taking care, with a constant vigilance, with the compliance with the rules enacted by the recommendation of June 7th, 2005 to the editors of television services relating to the descriptive youth and the classification of the programs and to that of the deliberation of December 20th, 2011 relating to the protection of the young public, the deontology and the accessibility of the programs on the services of audio-visual mediums to the request.
The recommendations n° 2003-2 of March 18th, 2003 relating to the conflict in the Middle East and n° 2004-8 of December 7th, 2004 relating to the international conflicts and their possible repercussions in France are repealed.
The present recommendation is applicable on the whole of the territory of the French Republic.
It will be published in the Journal officiel de la République française.
Fact in Paris, on November 20th, 2013.
For the Superior council of the audio-visual one