Translation with SYSTRAN Links
Political pluralism and electoral campaigns

What pluralism?

The objective of pluralism is to guarantee that the televiewers and the listeners, who are with the number of the recipients of the freedom of communication, have diversified political information which does not deprive them of the capacity to exert their freedom of opinion and choice insofar as they are also voters.

The bond between the principle of pluralism and the democratic life was established on several occasions by the Constitutional council. This one estimated in the sense that “ the respect of pluralism is one of the conditions of the democracy ” (decision n° 86-217 cd., September 18th, 1986) and that, pluralism “ constitutes the base of the democracy ” (decision n° 89-271 cd., January 11th, 1990).

The CSA guarantees the respect of political pluralism to the radio and television apart from the election times but also during election times.

The role of the Council apart from the election times

Article 13 of the law of September 30th, 1986 lays down thus that the Superior council of audio-visual “ ensures the respect of the pluralist expression of the currents of thought and opinion in the programs of the services of radio and television, in particular for the political and general data transmission ”.

The law forces the Council to communicate to the presidents of the two assemblies and to the persons in charge of the political parties represented at the Parliament the statement of times of intervention of the political personalities in:

  • newspapers and news bulletins,
  • magazines,
  • other emissions of the programs.

In accordance with this quantitative approach, the Council laid down rules which make it possible to obtain, within the framework of an effective co-operation with the editors, a calculation of the duration of the interventions of the political personalities in election time but also out of election times.

These rules are worth at the same time for the private editors of radio and television and the national companies of program.

The role of the Council in election time

For the duration of the election times, article 16 of the law of September 30th, 1986 provides that the Council adopts a recommendation and defines, if necessary, the conditions of production and programming of the emissions of the official audio-visual countryside when the electoral code provides that they take place.

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Key dates

  • 1955 - First broadcast simultaneously on radio and TV official countryside at the time of the legislative elections

  • 1965 - First broadcast simultaneously on radio and TV official countryside for the presidential election

  • November 12th, 1969 - Adoption by the Board of directors of the ORTF of a directive which poses the principle of a pluralist access to the antenna

  • 1982 - Creation of the High ranking authority of the audio-visual communication (HACA)

  • 2000 - Definition by the Superior council of audio-visual of the “principle of reference as regards pluralism”