Since 2008, the Government works more actively on the question of the image of the women in the media
- Commission on the image of the women in the media installation, perennialized by 2008 in 2009 at the request of the Prime Minister. In May 2011 by way of decree, the Minister for solidarity and social cohesion installed the commission on the image of the women in the media (chaired by Michèle Reiser) and envisaged his fastening with the minister in charge of the women's rights. This commission produced two reports in particular and engaged a approach of self-regulation with the media which led to the signature of a tripartite act of commitment in October 2010. This commission on the image of the women in the media was removed at the beginning of year 2013 for the benefit of a transfer of its missions to the High council.
Act of commitment for a approach of self-regulation
- By decree n° 2013-8 of January 3rd, 2013 of the Prime Minister, the observatory of the parity was replaced by the High council with the equality man-women installed on January 8th by the Prime Minister, Jean-Marc Ayrault, in the presence of the Minister for the Women's rights, Mme Najat Vallaud-Belkacem and chaired per Mme Danielle Bousquet. The mission of the High council is “ to ensure the dialogue with the civil society and to animate the public debate on the main trends of the policy of the women's rights and of the equality, in particular with regard to the fight against violences of kind, the place of the women in the media and the diffusion of stereotype sexists, the reproductive health, the equal access to the civil services and elective and the international dimension of the fight for the women's rights ”.
These approachs of the public authorities call the installation of a particular responsibility allocate to an authority of regulation which can ensure the control of the outstanding commitments, or else these commitments could remain without real range.
The question of the women's rights found a first relay in the action of the Superior council of audio-visual through work on diversity
In March 2008, the Council instituted the Observatory of diversity in the audio-visual mediums in order to follow the actions put in work by televisions as regards the diversity taken in all its components (origin, age, sex, handicap…). The Observatory is pressed on a barometer of follow-up of the programs whose institute IFOP was the first person receiving benefits. Since 2012, it is the TNS Sofres institute which ensures the production of the results (methodology modified this occasion: 1 only annual wave, widening of the perimeter of the chains and two weeks consecutive analyzed).
The deliberation of November 10th, 2009 aims at supporting the representation of the diversity of the French company in the programs of the free hertzian national chains and Channel +. This deliberation comprises commitments of the editors to improve the representation of diversity (origin, age, sex, handicap…). These commitments cover the contractual methods of order of the programs, the representations with the antenna, the pedagogy of the good practices near the persons in charge of the programming and the drafting. This deliberation also envisages the obligation for the editor to provide each year before March 31st an assessment of the respect of its commitments.
The Council took part in the conference organized on December 7th, 2011 by the Commission on the image of the women in the media at the time of the handing-over of his annual report the Expert ones: one year assessment of self-regulation.
The report the Expert ones: one year assessment of self-regulation
In January 2012, the Council gave to the Commission of the constitutional Laws, the legislation and the general administration of the Republic of the National Assembly his first report on the application of articles 27-1 and 28 of the law of July 9th, 2010 relating to violences made to the women.
The Council, finally, joined the edition the edition 2013 of the Guide of the expert ones.
January 2013: creation of the working group “Women's rights”
The creation of the working group “Women's rights” in January 2013 who answers one of the recommendations of the report of September 2008 of the Commission on the image of the women which wished that be “to identify a mission on the image of the women within the CSA” must allow the Council to reach a new stage on this question.
This working group chaired per Mme Pierre-Brossolette and of which Mme Françoise Laborde ensures the vice-presidency defined for the year the 2013/2014 main axes of its action.
Presentation of work of the working group “Women's rights” of the CSA
In February 2014 a first assessment of work of this working group was published.
July 2014: publication of three studies on the female stereotypes
The government bill for the real equality between the women and the men, voted by the Parliament in 2014, intends to entrust to the Council the mission of taking care of the image of the women in the audiovisual programmes, in particular while fighting against the stereotype sexists which can appear there. To conclude this mission, the CSA wished, initially, to make an objective study of the possible stereotypes conveyed in certain programs: fictions, Entertainment, animation.
Consult the studies of the Council on the female stereotypes which can be conveyed in the programs of fiction, entertainment and animation
February 2015: adoption of a deliberation on the women's rights in the audio-visual mediums
The year 2015 was remembered by the adoption of the deliberation n°2015-2 of February 4th, 2015 relating to the respect of the women's rights which specifies the conditions for application of the law n°2014-873 of August 4th, 2014 on the real equality between the women and the men. This law, entrusts in particular to the Council the mission of taking care: “ on the one hand, with a right representation of the women and men in the programs of the departments of communication audio-visual and, on the other hand, with the image of the women who appears in these programs in particular while fighting against the stereotypes, the prejudices sexists, the degrading images, the violences made to the women and the violences made within the couple”.
The deliberation is applicable to France Televisions, Radio France, France Media World, TF1, TMC, HD1, NT1, LCI, M6, 6Ter, W9, Paris Première, Channel +, I>Télé, D8, D17, NRJ 12, Cherished 25, NRJ, Nostalgia, RTL, radio operator Fun, Gulli, Europe 1, radio Virgin, Discovered RMC, RMC, BFM TV, L'Equipe 21 and Number 23. The other television services and of radio can decide to voluntarily subject themselves to it.
Consult the text of the deliberation of February 4th, 2015 relating to the respect of the women's rights
March 8th, 2016: publication of the first report of the CSA on the presence of the women in the programs of television and radio
For the first year, the TV channels and radio gave to the Council the qualitative and quantitative indicators on the representation of the women and the men in their programs.
Realized in dialogue with the operators, this first report for the year 2015 revealed a total representation of the women to the antenna which was to still be improved. The Council however noted with satisfaction that a significant number of programs contributing to the fight against the prejudices sexists and the violences made to the women had been diffused in 2015. And even if the report indicates that the women are represented among the expert guests, political and other speakers, the CSA noticed that the parity in the presenters, presenters and journalists tended more towards balance.
Consult the first report of the CSA on the presence of the women to television and the radio