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Parental control

The Councils and tips to help you to accompany your children in their uses of the audio-visual mediums.
  • Why and how to sensitize the children with descriptive youth

    • To learn how to use the descriptive one

      It is necessary to render comprehensible with your child the importance of descriptive youth by telling him that it also arrives to you at you of being able to be shocked by certain programs and that you do not want that it is it. It would be indeed an error to let to him believe that an adult can all look without never testing of anguish, fear or dislike.

      To protect it from the violent images, take the time to choose with him what it will look according to its age and to explain to him why.

      To help you, descriptive youth makes it possible to classify the programs according to the age in lower part of which an emission can disturb your child. If he knows the pictograms, he will be able itself to give up a program unsuited to his age if he finds himself only in front of television. You can also sensitize the big brothers and big sisters with this device, so that they take care that look at smallest.

  • Pas d' screen before 3 years

    • Risks for the development of the toddler

      For the CSA, the Ministry for health and several experts, television is not adapted to the children of less than 3 years because it can slow down their development, even when they are chains which are addressed specifically to them.

      Before 3 years, the child builds himself while acting on the world: television risks to lock up it in a passive statute of spectator at one time when it must learn how to become actor of the world which surrounds it.

      There exist several stages in the development of the child of less than three years: the baby is initially attracted by all that moves then it discovers that it can act on his environment and, as soon as its motricity allows him, it indicates the things and touches. As from nine months, he imitates without understanding what he sees. Around one year and half or two years, it puts words on the things and understands basic expressions.

      To develop his capacities, the child must actively use his five directions while being based in particular on the relation with an adult who answers his requests. It needs to be perceived like being able to transform the world, which it does for example when it handles of the objects around him. The passive exposure to images diffused on a screen does not support this kind of interactions and can on the contrary slow down the development of the toddler child.

      It is often believed that television has an alleviating effect on the toddlers. However, the glance of the baby is collected by the flow of images and sounds coming from the screen and which it does not understand, which can give the illusion of a calming effect. However, this calm will be often followed of an agitation badly understood which will lead the parents to increase the exposure on television, thus being likely to accentuate its harmful effect on the child.

      Risks for the development of the toddler
  • How to adapt the watching to the age of the child

    • Between 3 and 6 years

      As from 3 years, the adapted emissions can stimulate certain capacities of the child, like the memory or the recognition of the letters of the alphabet. But attention at the duration: 10 minutes spent in front of television represent a time of concentration raised for a toddler. It is advised to privilege short sessions, with the possibility of re-examining several times the same program in order to understand the action and the intentions of the characters… and thus of avoiding “zapping” between several emissions!

      Between 3 to 6 years, a child reacts with his sensitivity. It is necessary to bring a particular vigilance on what it looks at, because he does not have of retreat compared to the images. It will not perceive the difference between the fiction and reality and will regard as real the alarming images that it will have seen, without having the words to express what it feels. From where importance to dialogue with him.

    • Between 6 and 10 years

      As from 6 years, the child is able to establish the link between what is real and what is not it. It starts to have certain experience of the images and can analyze them and comment on them. It could also want to imitate what it saw, from where the need for explaining to him why it should not reproduce what it on television sees, and for respecting its sensitivity by privileging programs for youth.

      Up to 8 years, only the programs youth are adapted (animation, films for children, emissions educational or documentary), while limiting the duration of the meetings and by choosing with them the emissions, in order to learn how to them to locate itself in an offer of programs.

      Between 8 and 10 years, privilege the public programs youth and programs all and try to look at television with your child.

    • After 10 years

      Between 10 and 12 years, the child starts to want to reach in a more autonomous way the images and to diversify the programs which it looks at. It is important to accompany it in the choice by these programs, to learn how to him to select those which are appropriate to him, in order to become an active televiewer.

      With adolescence, he wants sometimes to confront himself with certain contents violent one, even if he of it is not emotionally able. Even at this age and in spite as of accessibilities to the images available to the teenagers, maintain the dialogue with them on what they look at or listen, and continue to learn how to them to choose what corresponds to their tastes and their sensitivity.

  • Does one have to limit the time spent in front of the screen?

    • A moderate use and under good conditions

      In a general way, made so that your newborn daily does not spend an excessive time in front of television.

      For that, avoid installing television in the room of the child. That contributes to isolate it from the family life and you prevented from knowing what it looks at.

      Also prevent that your newborn practises too much the “zapping” from one program to another: choose an exact moment rather so that it looks at television and rather support the watching of a program in entirety than to cut the history.

      Take care of the comfort of watching of your child by supporting good conditions of lighting and distance.

      Lastly, do not forget to book moments of exchange in family without screens (games, meal, discussions, outputs, etc)

  • Is it necessary to also control the listening of the radio operator programs?

    • Appreciated media, but always not adapted

      The radio is very appraisal by the teenagers and preadolescents. They appreciate in particular the programs of free antenna because they can there be expressed freely on subjects which are due to them in heart. The dialogue with the presenters can be a help to face a situation which a teenager does not understand or which it does not manage to manage.

      However, certain issues which would require an attentive listening and teaching and serious answers (like the love affairs and sexuality) are often covered in these programs with humour and provocation, sometimes even in a raw and vulgar way. If the adults can easily take step back with respect to this kind of matter, they are likely to disturb the teenagers and the preadolescents, by nature more vulnerable.

      For this reason, the radios do not have the right to diffuse of such remarks to the antenna before 22:30. In theory, the listening of the radio until this hour thus does not represent a risk for your teenagers. Nevertheless, without you to alarm nor to encroach on the private life of your child, anything you prevented throwing an ear of time to other with these programs and from evoking this subject with him.

  • Locking mechanisms

    • An invaluable help

      There exist several simple and essential approachs to protect your children, like the locking mechanism for the programs disadvised with less than 18 years. Personalize the parental code in order to block the access to these programs, by avoiding the codes which the children can easily test, and keep this PIN number.

      You can also set up other locking mechanisms: the television sets or ADSL cases often make it possible to set up filters or parental controls by chains, schedules, titles or classification of the programs.

CSA displays - Protection of the young children