Consequences multiple but not always visible
Among the consequences which can generate in the children the watching of shocking contents, one can quote:
- difficulties of falling asleep
- vulgarizing of violence
Even if your newborn expresses any fear at the time, this one can re-appear in various situations, for example in the black or its sleep. It is important that you can locate of them the signs, different from one child to another, and that you think of establishing the possible link with shocking images which it could have seen.
Principal criteria taken into account
On television, physical violence or morals can take many forms. It results in particular from the following elements:
- many or difficult violent scenes (by their realism, their crudeness, etc);
- their free character;
- the screenplay use of violence to solve the conflicts;
- the production, the realism of the representation, the soundtrack (being able to be distressing);
- the evocation of difficult topics as drug, the suicide, the incest, marital violence;
- violence towards the children;
- the representation of the sex acts;
- a degrading image of the woman;
- the psychology of the characters and the reference marks which it offers to a public of children or to teenagers (for example, a reward for acts of violence);
- character of the hero, his mobiles, his recourse to violence or dangerous or illegal behaviors (drug, etc);
- the presence of children at the time of the violent scenes.
A ranking by age
The chains of television classify the programs in five categories, defined by the CSA. Pictograms enable you to locate them.
Public programs all : they do not have a distinctive pictogram. It is the large majority of the programs. Without risk for young people, they can be diffused constantly day.
Programs disadvised to the -10 years : in fact the programs comprise scenes or topics which are likely to shock or to disturb young people. They can be diffused constantly day, except within the emissions for youth.
Programs disadvised to the -12 years : those which are likely to disturb the reference marks of a child of less than 12 years, in particular because of a systematic and repeated violence or evocation of adult sexuality. They are diffused after 10 p.m., or exceptionally after 20:30 (except on the chains cinema and of pay-per-view, subjected to a different mode).
Programs disadvised to the -16 years : those which are likely to disturb the reference marks of less than 16 years. They are mainly the erotic programs and those which present particularly impressive scenes of violence. They are diffused after 22:30 (except on the chains cinema and of pay-per-view, subjected to a different mode).
Programs disadvised to the -18 years : it is the films prohibited with less than 18 years and the pornographic programs or of very great violence. Only some chains (whose chains cinema and of pay-per-view) are authorized to diffuse them, under two conditions: only between midnight and 5:00 of the morning and with a system of locking allowing to prevent that minors have access (parental code) there.
Television, it is better when one speaks about it
You cannot supervise all that your child looks at. But if it were shocked, the impact of the violent image could be minimized by the fact of expressing what it felt. It will perhaps not do it its own initiative, because it can be afraid which one makes fun of him or which one prohibits to him television or, simply, it can be accustomed with violence. This is why, you can propose moments of exchange to him where it will have the possibility of speaking about what it saw and of what it thought.
If he sees that an adult is interested so that he felt, the child will more dare to share his emotion. It will be also the occasion to consolidate its reference marks, its representation of normal and abnormal, the Juste and the unjust one.
When you can, try to look at television and to engage a dialogue with him, to know if he is afraid or if he questions himself and to help it to develop its critical spirit.
A program unsuited to young people
Before 8 years, only the programs youth are adapted to the children, and it is advised not to let them look at the newspapers of information.
The children are entitled to information; but very often, information general practitioner of the tv news is not adapted to their sensitivity and can distress them. This is why, the presenter must clearly prevent the public before the diffusion of images or not easily bearable testimonies. Thus, young people can be isolated screen. Nothing prevented you from evoking orally with your child, in terms adapted to its age, the big events of the news.
Reference marks to protect your children on the sites from media to the request
On the many sites of vidéos to the request and television of correction, you find the classification of the vidéos according to the descriptive one of the CSA: -10, -12, -16, -18.
These sites must also propose a “space of confidence” to use of young people, made up only of videos “all public”.
Some elementary precautions
The CSA is not qualified on other Internet sites, but it makes a point of alerting on the many problems which Internet poses and whose parents must be aware: possibility of meeting with the unknown ones on Community forums, cats or sites, confrontation with illegal contents (paedophiles, racists, etc) or booked to the adults (pornographic or to violent ones), revealing of the personal data (name, addresses, telephone) on forums or sites, non-observance of the right of press (defamation, insult, incentive with hatred, etc) or right to the image (use of images of minors without the authorization of the parents) in the blogs held by minors engaging their responsibility and that of his parents, illegal downloading of files, harassing online etc
But it is not a question of prohibiting your children from using Internet, which is also a source of knowledge and exchanges. It is simply necessary to take care not to leave them without control in front of a computer, a smartphone or a shelf connected. This control passes by the installation of a software of parental control, and especially, by your presence at their side when they surf in order to guide them towards adapted sites, but also to share their discoveries.